A man wants to reach from A to the opposite comer of the square C. The sides of the square are 100 m. A central square of 50 m × 50 m is filled with sand. Outside this square, he can walk at a speed 1 m/s. In the central square, he walk only at a speed of v m/s. What is smallest value of v for which he can reach faster via a straight path through the sand than any path in the square outside the sand?
A man wants to reach from A to the opposite comer of the square C. The sides of the square are 100 m. A central square of 50 m × 50 m is filled with sand. Outside this square, he can walk at a speed 1 m/s. In the central square, he walk only at a speed of v m/s. What is smallest value of v for which he can reach faster via a straight path through the sand than any path in the square outside the sand?

Answer: As depicted in the diagram, APQC represents the path taken by the guy through the sand, the time it took him to get from A to C, and the distance travelled by him.

The shortest distance will be ARC from the diagram.