Haryana Board Class 10 Maths Syllabus
Haryana Board Class 10 Maths Syllabus

Haryana Board of School Education (HBSE) has been making drastic changes in the syllabus of various subjects keeping in mind the changing times. HBSE has been proactive in structuring the syllabus of all the subjects of Class 10, given the significance of the same in a student’s academic career and to give them a better understanding of the subjects. 


Haryana Board has come up with a comprehensive syllabus for Class 10 Maths as the subject finds various applications across a vast industry verticals and in daily life. The syllabus has been set by the experts under the guidelines of the board.


It has been ensured that the syllabus provides students with necessary skills to clear the board exam with flying colors and do well in their higher studies. Therefore, students are advised to study Maths syllabus in detail to build a strong foundation in the subject and prepare themselves for upcoming exams.


HBSE has structured the Class 10 Mathematics syllabus really well. It will help the students in planning their study time, break down the parts of the syllabus, and prepare well for the exams. Mathematics is a highly scoring subject and can increase the overall marks of a student.



The total marks for the subject are 100, divided into two parts: theory paper and internal assessment. The theory paper is of 80 marks and the internal assessment carries the remaining 20 marks. To score well in the HBSE Class 10 exam, a student should be well-aware of the syllabus and prepare the subject thoroughly. Below we are providing the detailed syllabus of the subject along with respective weightage of the chapters:



Theory Syllabus of Haryana Board Class 10 Maths 



Marks Distribution

Vedic Mathematics

4 Marks

Number System

3 Marks


12 Marks


11 Marks

Coordinate Geometry

6 Marks


20 Marks


10 Marks

Statistics and Probability

10 Marks

Road Safety Education

4 Marks


As we can observe from the above table, the syllabus consists of important topics such as Vedic Maths, Geometry, Algebra, and Trigonometry. Students are advised to understand the concepts really well and practice the numerical problems with persistence. 

Vedic Maths is an ancient academic discipline which helps students in making intelligent decisions to both simple and complex problems. However, the biggest advantage of learning vedic maths is that it helps students to solve mathematical problems many times faster, reduces the burden of memorizing the difficult topics, and increases concentration to study complex concepts.

HBSE has also included a chapter on road safety to educate young students about the importance of road safety rules and guidelines. It cannot be stressed enough how road and transport has become an integral part of life and along with it has come the responsibility to drive safely. Road safety awareness has thus become important, especially educating the younger generation who would go on to become responsible citizens and responsible road users in the future.

Chapters on Algebra, Trigonometry, Mensuration, Co-ordinate geometry, and Geometry form the core of the HBSE Class 10 Maths syllabus. Students are advised to focus on this chapters with special interest and study them diligently to score good in the final board exam. Additionally, these chapters are also significant with respect to the higher studies of students, especially if they wish to pursue engineering, sciences, or other technical degree courses. 



Haryana Board Class 10 Maths Internal Assessment Exam


The internal assessment exam/sessional test for Class 10 Maths is of 20 marks. Generally, the marks for internal assessment are distributed as follows:

       –>  5 Marks for Attendance (for 90% Attendance)

       –>  5 Marks for Extra-Curricular Activities

       –>  10 Marks for Mock Test / Assignment

The assignment or the project work performed for the internal assessment is evaluated by an internal subject teacher and an external examiner. Both the internal and the external examiner give marks to the students.



Frequently Asked Questions for HBSE Class 10 Maths: 


Q1. How are the marks for the HBSE Class 10 Maths divided?


Ans: The total marks allotted for the HBSE class 10 maths are 100 marks. These marks are divided between theory paper (80 marks) and internal assessment (20 marks) exams.








Q2. Which unit has the highest weightage for the class 10 maths syllabus?

Ans: For the class 10 maths syllabus, the chapter with the highest weightage is “Geometry.” 





Q3. When will the internal assessment exams be held?




Ans: The dates for internal assessment exams will be declared by your school authorities. Students are advised to contact their school exam department for further information.





Q4. Will the syllabus be reduced for the academic session 2021-22 as well?

Ans:  Keeping in mind the Covid-19 restrictions, the HBSE had reduced the syllabus for all the subjects by 25% for the year 2020-21 for the convenience of students. However, no such announcement has been made for the academic session 2021-22. Students are advised to keep visiting the official website of the HBSE – https://bseh.org.in/  to stay updated.



Q5. Is HBSE Board Class 10 Maths a difficult subject to study?


Ans: The difficulty of a chapter in Maths depends on a student’s hold on basic concepts and practice. Some may find it easy, while others may be struggling to understand the same topic. But most of the time, students find “geometry” difficult. However, a student can improve with diligent practice and study