Solution: The population can be defined as a group of entities belonging to the same species, residing in a specific geographical area at a particular time, which also functioning together as a unit.
Listed below are the attributes that a population exhibit:
- Natality or Birth rate
It is the ratio of live births in a particular area to the population of that area. The birth rate can be expressed as the number of individuals added to the population in terms of the total population
- Mortality or Death rate
It is the deaths in a region divided by the population of a region. The death rate can be expressed as the loss of individuals in terms of the total population
- Age distribution
The percentage of individuals of various ages in a given population. A population consists of individuals with different age groups at any given time. Typically, an age pyramid is used to determine the age distribution pattern.
- Sex ratio
It is the count of females or males per thousand individuals
- Population density
It is given by the number of individuals of a population per unit area at a particular time.