Most living organisms cannot survive at a temperature above 45 degrees C. How are some microbes able to live in habitats with temperatures exceeding 100 degrees C?
Most living organisms cannot survive at a temperature above 45 degrees C. How are some microbes able to live in habitats with temperatures exceeding 100 degrees C?

Solution: Thermophiles or Archaebacteria are ancient forms of bacteria that are found in deep-sea hydrothermal vents and hot water springs. They are able to tolerate the high temperature, which sometimes exceeds 100 degrees C, as their bodies have adapted to these extreme environmental conditions over time through the process of evolution. These entities can survive these extreme conditions because they are comprised of specialized thermo-resistant enzymes that perform metabolic functions which do not get destructed at these extreme temperatures.