UP Board Biology Class 10 Syllabus
UP Board Biology Class 10 Syllabus

UPMSP or the Uttar Pradesh Madhyamik Shiksha Parishad is the educational board responsible for conducting both class 10 (secondary) and class 12 (intermediate) examinations every year for all the schools affiliated with it.

With the impending pandemic in place, some changes have occurred in the UP board biology class 10 syllabus for 2021-2022. Students need to be aware of these developments.

Check here for the latest UP board biology class 10 syllabus 2021 to know what to expect in the exam, understand the guidelines for both teachers and students regarding the topics and chapters to be studied, and their marking scheme based on both theory and practical exam. This article will also help you understand what has been removed from and added to the Uttar Pradesh Board Biology Class 10 syllabus 2021 and the evaluation pattern and marks distribution.

Central elements of the UP board biology class 10 syllabus include:

  1. Topics covered in each unit in theory
  2. Marks allotted to different units
  3. Reduction in syllabus
  4. List of experiments to be conducted in the practical examination
  5. Evaluation pattern of the UP board
  6. Frequently asked questions

Theory Syllabus of UP Board Biology Class 10

UP board biology syllabus 2021 is essential for all students to understand as it constitutes 25 out of 70 marks in the subject. Planning and preparing according to the syllabus will help the students to score the maximum marks in the class 10 board examinations 2021.

The UPMSP has reduced the syllabus by 30% for class 10th for 2021-2022. You can find all the information regarding the revised syllabus, the name of chapters, and their weightage in the UP board examination 2021 here. Go through the table below to learn about the marks distribution for UP board biology class 10 syllabus 2021. This will help you prepare for your exam in accordance with the time you need to allot to each unit.

Unit. No.Unit NameMarks
IIWorld of Living20
VNatural Resources05

Unit II- World of Living – 20 Marks

Life processes: ‘Living Being.’ The basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport, and excretion in plants and animals. Reproduction: Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health-need and family planning methods. Safe sex vs. HIV/AIDS. Childbearing and women’s health.

Heredity and Evolution: Heredity; Mendel’s contribution- Laws for inheritance of traits: Sex determination: (brief introduction), Basic concepts of evolution

Unit V: Natural Resources – 05 Marks

Sources of energy: Different forms of energy, conventional and non-conventional sources of energy: Fossil fuels, solar energy; wind, water, and tidal energy; Nuclear energy. Renewable versus non-renewable sources of Energy.

Our environment: Environmental problems, waste production, and their solutions. Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances.

Management of natural resources: Conservation and judicious use of natural resources. Forest and wildlife; Coal and Petroleum conservation. Examples of people’s participation in the preservation of natural resources.

Dams: advantages and limitations. Water harvesting. Sustainability of natural resources

Out of the five units of the science exam, two units have been allotted to biology that make up an average of 25 marks out of 70. It is crucial for students to follow the revised syllabus and prepare accordingly, focusing more on Unit II (World of Living), which constitutes a significant chunk of marks. Some critical chapters of Unit II are life processes, heredity, and evolution.

Apart from that, the students should not leave out the five marks from Unit V (Natural Resources) and practice some essential questions to understand what questions are frequently asked in the exam and prepare accordingly.

Practical Syllabus of UP Board Biology Class 10

Practicals make up for an essential part of the science stream, especially Biology. For all the students looking to opt for biology as a subject in class 11, it is necessary to be well-versed with the syllabus of Practical exams and score the highest possible marks to increase their chances of choosing their desired subject.

Here, we have listed down all the practical biology experiments that are to be done for the academic year 2021-2022. All the practicals will be evaluated at the school level. The marks distribution of the practicals are as follows:

Sr. No.TaskMarks
1.Viva1 mark
2.Experiment3 marks
3.Sessional work1 mark
 Total5 marks

List of Experiments

  1. Preparing a temporary mount of a leaf peel to show stomata
  2. Experimentally show that carbon dioxide is given out during respiration
  3. Studying (a) binary fission in Amoeba and (b) budding in yeast and Hydra with the help of prepared slides
  4. Identification of the different parts of an embryo of a dicot seed (Pea, gram, or red kidney bean)

Note-: Every student must have a practical notebook in which all practical records will be noted. These should be appropriately checked and will be presented at the time of the practical exam.

Project list – 15 Marks

Note: A student is supposed to do any one project out of these, which will be evaluated internally by the school and will account for 15 marks in the final assessment.

  1. To study the different parts (petals, sepals, androecium, gynoecium) of bisexual flowers such as Hibiscus and mustard and observation of pollination in them.
  2. To prepare a model of the human heart.
  3. To study germination and structure of seeds with the help of bean and maize seed (soaked).
  4. Preparing herbarium by collecting different types of plants.
  5. Growing plants without soil- preparing project reports based on practical observation.
  6. To study Air pollution produced by petrol and diesel and use of CNG to reduce this.
  7. Importance of plastic and polythene in daily life and their role in environmental pollution.
  8. Reason for increasing noise in your city and study with pictures of harmful effects

UP Board Biology Class 10 Frequently Asked Questions

Is there any change in UP Board 10th biology syllabus 2020-21?

As per the new guidelines, UP Board will be following NCERT from the Academic year 2021-2022.  Apart from that, there has been a reduction of 30% in the syllabus of class 10 biology syllabus.

What has been removed from the UP board biology syllabus class 10th?

As the regular teaching-learning in schools, during the session 2020-21 has widely been affected due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the subject experts committee, after the consideration, has recommended reducing the syllabus by 30% in the following manner:

Unit II: World of Living

Control and coordination in animals and plants: Tropic movements in plants; Introduction of plant hormones.

Control and coordination in animals: Nervous system; Voluntary, involuntary, and reflex action; Chemical co-ordination: animal hormones

Unit V: Natural Resources

Biogas, Our environment: Eco-system, Ozone depletion

Is the UP board English medium?

The UP board examination is available in both English and Hindi for the students.

Which book is best for studying for UP board biology class 10th?

Apart from NCERT, which is the guiding light for all students appearing for UP board class 10 biology 2021, some of the best books for studying for UP board biology class 10 are: Oswal’s ’10 Last Years Solved Papers’ and ‘All in One Science Class X.

How should one prepare for UP board biology class 10 2021?

Since the board is following NCERT for the academic session 2021-2022, one should start by reading the prescribed books thoroughly. After garnering the understanding of the said topic, one should begin solving additional questions from different help books.