# Blog

### State Biot-Savarts law. Derive an expression for magnetic field at the center of a circular coil of -turns carrying current .

Ans: Biot - Savart law states that the magnetic field $\mathrm{dB}$ due to a current element dI at any point would be as following: $$ \begin{array}{l} \mathrm{dB} \propto \mathrm{dl} \\ \mathrm{dB}...

### A straight wire carries a current of . An electron moving at is at distance from the wire. Find the force acting on the electron if its velocity is directed towards the wire.

Ans: We are given the current through the straight wire to be, $I=10 \mathrm{~A}$ Speed of the electron, $\mathrm{v}=10^{7} \mathrm{~m} / \mathrm{s}$ Distance of electron from the wire,...

### Give one difference each between diamagnetic and ferromagnetic substances. Give one example of each.

Ans: Diamagnetic substances are the ones that are weakly repelled by a magnet. For example, gold. Ferromagnetic materials are the ones that are strongly attracted by a magnet. For example, iron.

### A steady current flows in the network What will be the magnetic field at the center of the network?

Ans: The magnetic field at the center of the network is zero. This is because, magnetic field at the center of the loop would just equal and opposite $i . e .$, magnetic field due PQR is equal and...

### A cyclotron is not suitable to accelerate electron. Why?

Ans: A cyclotron is not suitable to accelerate electron as its mass is known to be less due to which they gain speed and step out of the dee immediately,

### Two wires of equal lengths are bent in the form of two loops. One of the loops is square shaped whereas the other loop is circular. These are suspended in a uniform magnetic field and the same current is passed through them. Which loop will experience greater torque? Give reasons.

Ans: We know the expression for torque as, $$ \begin{array}{l} \tau=\mathrm{NIAB} \\ \Rightarrow \tau \propto \mathrm{A} \end{array} $$ Since, we know that the area of circular loops is more than...

### What will be the path of a charged particle moving along the direction of a uniform magnetic field?

Ans: The path of a charged particle moving along the direction of a uniform magnetic field would be a straight line path as no force would act on the particle.

### State two properties of the material of the wire used for suspension of the coil in a moving coil galvanometer.

Ans: Two properties of the material of the wire used for suspension of the coil in a moving coil galvanometer are: i. Non-Brittle conductor ii. Restoring Torque per unit twist should be small.

### V.I graph for a metallic wire at two different temperatures Which of these two temperatures is higher and why?

Ans: From the graph: Slope $=\frac{\mathrm{i}}{\mathrm{V}}$ It is known that, $\frac{i}{V}=\frac{1}{R}$ It means that the smaller the slope, the larger the resistance.

### Two heated wires of the same dimensions are first connected in series and then it’s parallel to a source of supply. What will be the ratio of heat produced in the two cases?

Ans: It is known that, $$ \begin{array}{l} H=I^{2} R t \quad\left(I=\frac{V}{R}\right) \\ \Rightarrow H=\frac{V^{2}}{R^{2}} \times R \times t \\ \Rightarrow H=\frac{V^{2}}{R} t \\ \Rightarrow H...

### Resistivities of copper, silver and manganin are and respectively which of these is the best conductor?

Ans: The resistance is directly proportional to specific resistance (resistivity), when length and area of cross-section is made constant. $R=\frac{\rho I}{A}$ Hence, silver is the best conductor as...

### What is the work done in moving a point change from corner to corner of a square when a charge exists at the centre of the square?

Ans: Point $A \& B$ are at the same distance from the point $O$. Hence,