Frank

A line passes through the point (2, 1, -3) and is parallel to the vector Find the equations of the line in vector and Cartesian forms.

A line passes through the point $(2,1,-3)$ and is parallel to the vector $(\hat{\mathrm{i}}-2 \hat{\mathrm{j}}+3 \hat{\mathrm{k}})$. Find the equations of the line in vector and Cartesian forms....

Show that is a solution of .

The given equation is $3 x^{2}+13 x+14=0$. Putting $x=-2$ in the given equation, we get $L H S-3 \times(-2)^{2}+13 \times(-2)+14=12-26+14=0=R H S$ $\therefore x=-2$ is a solution of the given...

In the equation , it is given that Then, the roots of the equation are(a) real and equal(b) real and unequal(c) imaginary(d) none of these

Answer is (b) real and unequal We know that when discriminant, $D>0$, the roots of the given quadratic cquation are real and uncqual.

If and are the roots of the equation then ?(a) (b) (c) (d) 4

Answer is (c) $-4$ It is given that $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are the roots of the equation $3 x^{2}+8 x+2=0$ $\therefore \alpha+\beta=-\frac{8}{3}$ and $\alpha \beta=\frac{2}{3}$...

Which of the following is not a quadratic equation?(a) (b) (c) (d)

Answer is (c) $(\sqrt{2} x+3)^{2}=2 x^{2}+6$ $\begin{array}{l} \because(\sqrt{2} x+3)^{2}=2 x^{2}+6 \\ \Rightarrow 2 x^{2}+9+6 \sqrt{2} x=2 x^{2}+6 \end{array}$ $\Rightarrow 6 \sqrt{2} x+3=0$, which...

A motorboat whose speed is in still water, goes downstream and comes back in a total time of 3 hours 45 minutes. Find the speed of the stream.

Let the speed of the stream be $x \mathrm{~km} / \mathrm{hr}$. $\therefore$ Downstream speed $=(9+x) \mathrm{km} / \mathrm{hr}$ Upstream speed $=(9-x) \mathrm{km} / \mathrm{hr}$ Distance covered...

A motor boat whose speed in still water is , takes 1 hour more to go upstream than to return to the same spot. Find the speed of the stream.

Let the speed of the stream be $x \mathrm{~km} / \mathrm{hr}$. Given: Speed of the boat $=18 \mathrm{~km} / \mathrm{hr}$ $\therefore$ Speed downstream $=(18+x) \mathrm{km} / h r$ Speed upstream...

If the product of the roots of the equation is then the value of is(a) (b) (c) 8(d) 12

Answer is (c) 8 It is given that the product of the roots of the equation $x^{2}-3 x+k=10$ is $-2$. The equation can be rewritten as: $x^{2}-3 x+(k-10)=0$ Product of the roots of a quadratic...

The length of rectangle is twice its breadth and its areas is . Find the dimension of the rectangle.

Let the length and breadth of the rectangle be $2 x \mathrm{~m}$ and $x \mathrm{~m}$, respectively. According to the question: $2 x \times x=288$ $\Rightarrow 2 x^{2}=288$ $\Rightarrow x^{2}=144$...

Two pipes running together can fill a tank in minutes. If on pipe takes 5 minutes more than the other to fill the tank separately, find the time in which each pipe would fill the tank separately.

Let the time taken by one pipe to fill the tank be $x$ minutes. $\therefore$ Time taken by the other pipe to fill the tank $=(x+5) \min$ Suppose the volume of the tank be $V$. Volume of the tank...

One year ago, man was 8 times as old as his son. Now, his age is equal to the square of his son’s age. Find their present ages.

Let the present age of the son be $x$ years. $\therefore$ Present age of the $\operatorname{man}=x^{2}$ years One year ago, Age of the son $=(x-1)$ years Age of the man $=\left(x^{2}-1\right)$ years...

Find the value of for which the roots of are real and equal

Given: $\begin{array}{l} 9 x^{2}+8 k x+16=0 \\ \text { Here, } \\ a=9, b=8 k \text { and } c=16 \end{array}$ It is given that the roots of the equation are real and equal; therefore, we have:...

Find the nature of roots of the following quadratic equations:(i) (ii)

(i) The given equation is $5 x^{2}-4 x+1=0$ This is of the form $a x^{2}+b x+c=0$, where $a=5, b=-4$ and $c=1$. $\therefore$ Discriminant, $D=b^{2}-4 a c=(-4)^{2}-4 \times 5 \times 1=16-20=-4<0$...

Find the roots of the each of the following equations, if they exist, by applying the quadratic formula: , where and

$12 a b x^{2}-\left(9 a^{2}-8 b^{2}\right) x-6 a b=0$ On comparing it with $A x^{2}+B x+C=0$, we get: $A=12 a b, B=-\left(9 a^{2}-8 b^{2}\right)$ and $C=-6 a b$ Discriminant $D$ is given by:...

In the adjoining figure, ABC is a triangle. DE is parallel to BC and AD/DB = 3/2, (i) Determine the ratios AD/AB, DE/BC0 (ii) Prove that ∆DEF is similar to ∆CBF. Hence, find EF/FB. (iii) What is the ratio of the areas of ∆DEF and ∆CBF?

Solution:- (i) We have to find the ratios AD/AB, DE/BC, From the question it is given that, AD/DB = 3/2 Then, DB/AD = 2/3 Now add 1 for both LHS and RHS we get, (DB/AD) + 1 = (2/3) + 1 (DB + AD)/AD...

In the given figure, CM and RN are respectively the medians of ∆ABC and ∆PQR. If ∆ABC ~ ∆PQR, prove that: (i) ∆AMC ~ ∆PQR (ii) CM/RN = AB/PQ (iii) ∆CMB ~ ∆RNQ

Solution:- From the given figure it is given that, CM and RN are respectively the medians of ∆ABC and ∆PQR. (i) We have to prove that, ∆AMC ~ ∆PQR Consider the ∆ABC and ∆PQR As ∆ABC ~ ∆PQR ∠A = ∠P,...

State which pairs of triangles in the figure given below are similar. Write the similarity rule used and also write the pairs of similar triangles in symbolic form (all lengths of sides are in cm):

Solution:- (i) From the ΔABC and ΔPQR AB/PQ = 3.2/4 = 32/40 Divide both numerator and denominator by 8 we get, = 4/5 AC/PR = 3.6/4.5 = 36/45 Divide both numerator and denominator by 9 we get, = 4/5...

Two different dice are thrown at the same time. Find the probability of getting : (iii) sum divisible by 5 (iv) sum of at least 11.

(iii)Let E be an event of getting a sum divisible by 5. Favourable outcomes = {(1,4),(2,3), (3,2), (4,1),(4,6), (5,5), (6,4)} Number of favourable outcomes = 7 P(E) = 7/36 Probability of getting a...

Two different dice are thrown at the same time. Find the probability of getting : (i) a doublet (ii) a sum of 8

Solution: When two dice are thrown simultaneously, the sample space of the experiment is {(1,1), (1,2), (1,3), (1,4), (1,5), (1,6), (2,1), (2,2), (2,3), (2,4), (2,5), (2,6), (3,1),(3,2), (3,3),...

Two different dice are thrown simultaneously. Find the probability of getting: (i) a number greater than 3 on each dice (ii) an odd number on both dice.

Solution: When two dice are thrown simultaneously, the sample space of the experiment is {(1,1), (1,2), (1,3), (1,4), (1,5), (1,6), (2,1), (2,2), (2,3), (2,4), (2,5), (2,6), (3,1),(3,2), (3,3),...

From a pack of 52 cards, a blackjack, a red queen and two black kings fell down. A card was then drawn from the remaining pack at random. Find the probability that the card drawn is (i) a black card (ii) a king (iii) a red queen.

Solution: Total number of cards = 52-4 = 48 [∵4 cards fell down] So number of possible outcomes = 48 (i) Let E be the event of getting black card. There will be 23 black cards since a black jack and...

All the three face cards of spades are removed from a well-shuffled pack of 52 cards. A card is then drawn at random from the remaining pack. Find the probability of getting(v) a spade (vi) ‘9’ of black colour.

(v) Let E be the event of getting a spade. There will be 10 spades. Number of favourable outcomes = 10 P(E) = 10/49 Hence the probability of getting a spade is 10/49. (vi) Let E be the event of...

A card is drawn from a well-shuffled pack of 52 cards. Find the probability of getting:(iii) a king of red colour (iv) a card of diamond

(iii) Let E be the event of getting a king of red colour. There will be 2 cards of king of red colour. Number of favourable outcomes = 2 P(E) = 2/52 = 1/26 Hence the probability of getting a king of...

A card is drawn from a well-shuffled pack of 52 cards. Find the probability of getting: (i) ‘2’ of spades (ii) a jack .

Solution: Total number of cards = 52. So number of possible outcomes = 52. (i) Let E be the event of getting ‘2’ of spades. There will be only one card of ‘2’ spades. Number of favourable outcomes =...

A box contains 15 cards numbered 1, 2, 3,…..15 which are mixed thoroughly. A card is drawn from the box at random. Find the probability that the number on the card is :(v) divisible by 3 or 2 (vi) a perfect square number.

(v) Let E be the event of getting the number on the card is divisible by 3 or 2 Outcomes favourable to E are {2,3,4,6,8,9,10,12,14,15} Number of favourable outcomes = 10 P(E) = 10/15 = 2/3 Hence the...

Find the probability that the month of February may have 5 Wednesdays in (i) a leap year (ii) a non-leap year.

Solution: There are 7 ways in which the month of February can occur, each starting with a different day of the week. (i)Only 1 way is possible for 5 Wednesdays to occur in February with 29 days....

Find the probability that the month of January may have 5 Mondays in (i) a leap year (ii) a non-leap year.

Solution: For a leap year there are 366 days. Number of days in January = 31 Total number of January month types = 7 Number of January months with 5 Mondays = 3 (i)Probability that the month of...

A game of chance consists of spinning an arrow which comes to rest pointing at one of the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 (shown in the adjoining figure) and these are equally likely outcomes. What is the probability that it will point at(iii) a number greater than 2? (iv) a number less than 9?

(iii) Let E be the event of arrow pointing a number greater than 2. Outcomes favourable to E are {3,4,5,6,7,8} Number of favourable outcomes = 6 P(E) = 6/8 = 3/4 Hence the probability of arrow...

In a single throw of a die, find the probability of getting:(iii) a number greater than 5 (iv) a prime number

(iii)Let E be the event of getting a number greater than 5. Outcomes favourable to E is 6. Number of favourable outcomes = 1 P(E) = 1/6 Hence the probability of getting a number greater than 5 is...

In a single throw of a die, find the probability of getting: (i) an odd number (ii) a number less than 5

Solution: When a die is thrown, the possible outcomes are 1,2,3,4,5,6. Number of possible outcomes = 6 (i) Let E be the event of getting an odd number. Outcomes favourable to E are 1,3,5. Number of...

A box contains 7 blue, 8 white and 5 black marbles. If a marble is drawn at random from the box, what is the probability that it will be (i) black? (ii) blue or black?

Solution: Number of blue marbles = 7 Number of white marbles = 8 Number of black marbles = 5 Total number of marbles = 7+8+5 = 20 (i) Probability of getting black , = 5/20 = 1/4 Hence the...

A bag contains 5 black, 7 red and 3 white balls. A ball is drawn at random from the bag, find the probability that the ball drawn is: (i) red (ii) black or white (iii) not black.

Solution: Number of black balls = 5 Number of red balls = 7 Number of white balls = 3 Total number of balls = 5+7+3 = 15 (i)Probability that the ball drawn is red, = 7/15 (ii) Probability of black...

A letter of English alphabet is chosen at random. Determine the probability that the letter is a consonant.

Solution: Total number of alphabets = 26 Number of vowels = 5 Total number of consonants = 26-5 = 21 Probability that the letter chosen is a consonant , = 21/26 Hence the required probability is...