Bihar Board Class 11 Physics Syllabus
Bihar Board Class 11 Physics Syllabus

Bihar School Examination Board (BSEB) has been regularly updating the syllabus of all the subjects in Class 11 as it is considered a crucial phase in a student’s academic career. Sincere and dedicated studies help students to prepare well for the Class 12 Board examinations. Considering this factor, we are providing a detailed summary of BSEB Class 11 Physics syllabus in this article.


A comprehensive understanding of the syllabus will surely help students to come up with an effective time-table for the exam and cover all the chapters within a reasonable amount of time. Furthermore, it is important to revise the chapters multiple times before exam to score good marks.


The Bihar Board has distributed the Physics subject into two papers. One is a theoretical paper, while the other is a practical paper.

Paper – I is a theory paper carrying a total of 70 marks with a 3-hour time limit.

Paper – II is a practical paper worth 30 marks.


Theory Syllabus of Bihar Board Class 11 Physics


The following is the unit-wise syllabus of Class 11 Physics which includes several topics that help form a strong foundation for the next class and further higher studies:


Chapter–1: Physical World

Chapter–2: Units and Measurements


Chapter–3: Motion in a Straight Line

 Chapter–4: Motion in a Plane


Chapter–5: Laws of Motion


Chapter–6: Work, Energy, and Power

Unit–V Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body

Chapter–7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion


Chapter–8: Gravitation


Chapter–9: Mechanical Properties of Solids

Chapter–10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids

Chapter–11: Thermal Properties of Matter


Chapter–12: Thermodynamics


Chapter–13: Kinetic Theory


Chapter–14: Oscillations

Chapter–15: Waves


Summary of the theory syllabus


The difficulty level and the amount of time required to cover each unit and chapter varies. Hence, students must try to revise their basics really well before going ahead with the new chapters while studying for the exam. 


The next step would be to prioritize the chapters according to their weightage of marks. Each unit in the Bihar Board Physics Class 11 Syllabus 2021-22 has been assigned with appropriate marks.


Units 1, 2, and 3 (Physical World and Measurement, Kinematics, and Laws of Motion) have the highest 23 marks and must be given the most importance by students. 


Units 4, 5, and 6 (Work, Energy, and Power, Motion of a System of Particles and a Rigid Body, and Gravitation) are worth 17 marks when taken combined. Finally, Unit 10, Oscillation and Waves, is worth ten (10) marks.



Practical Syllabus of Bihar Board Class 11 Physics 


A list of experiments prescribed by the Bihar Board Physics Class 11 Syllabus 2021 has been provided below. Students are required to maintain a journal/report book to note down their findings in a tabular format with units at the column header for each experiment. They can further draw graphs wherever required, perform the relevant calculations, and arrive at a conclusion at the end of the experiments.


Given below is the list of practicals/experiments:

Section A: 

  1. To measure the diameter of a small spherical/cylindrical body using Vernier calipers.
  2. To measure internal diameter and depth of a given beaker/calorimeter using Vernier calipers and hence find its volume.
  3. To measure the diameter of a given wire using screw gauge.
  4. To measure the thickness of a given sheet using screw gauge.
  5. To measure the volume of an irregular lamina using screw gauge.
  6. To determine the radius of curvature of a given spherical surface by a spherometer.
  7. To determine the mass of two different objects using a beam balance.
  8. To find the weight of a given body using the parallelogram law of vectors.
  9. Using a simple pendulum, plot L-T, and L-T2 graphs. Hence find the effective length of a second’s pendulum using appropriate graph.
  10. To study the relationship between the force of limiting friction and normal reaction and to find the coefficient of friction between a block and a horizontal surface.
  11. To find the downward force, along an inclined plane, acting on a roller due to the gravitational pull of the earth and study its relationship with the angle of inclination (θ) by plotting graph between force and sin θ.

Section B: 

  1. To determine Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a given wire.
  2. To find the force constant of a helical spring by plotting a graph between load and extension.
  3. To study the variation in volume with pressure for a sample of air at constant temperature by plotting graphs between P and V, and between P and 1/V.
  4. To determine the surface tension of water by capillary rise method.
  5. To determine the coefficient of viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring the terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
  6. To study the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time by plotting a cooling curve.
  7. To determine the specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.
  8. (i) To study the relation between frequency and length of a given wire under constant tension using sonometer.

    (ii) To study the relation between the length of a given wire and tension for constant frequency using sonometer.

  1. To find the speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube by two resonance positions.


The goals of these experiments and activities included in the Bihar Board Physics Class 11 Syllabus are to improve the understanding of students regarding the principles learned from the theoretical topics. These experiments will also provide a solid basis for further study in the subject.

The aforementioned experiments will aid students in developing the capacity to adapt their physics knowledge and understanding to new settings. They will assist students in developing a scientific mindset and abilities in the practical parts of handling apparatus, recording observations, and drawing diagrams and graphs through the study of physical sciences.



Apart from experiments, there would be a few activities which would be required to be performed by students as part of their project each semester. Following is the list of those activities:

Section A activities:-

  1. To make a paper scale of given least count, e.g. 0.2 cm, 0.5 cm.
  2. To determine mass of a given body using a metre scale by principle of moments.
  3. To plot a graph for a given set of data, with proper choice of scales and error bars.
  4. To measure the force of limiting friction for rolling of a roller on a horizontal plane.
  5. To study the variation in the range of a jet of water with the angle of projection.
  6. To study the conservation of energy of a ball rolling down on inclined plane (using a double inclined plane).
  7. To study the dissipation of energy of a simple pendulum by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.


Section B activities:

  1. To observe the change of state and plot a cooling curve for molten wax.
  2. To observe and explain the effect of heating on a bi-metallic strip.
  3. To note the change in the level of liquid in a container on heating and interpret the observations.
  4. To study the effect of detergent on the surface tension of water by observing capillary rise.
  5. To study the factors affecting the rate of loss of heat of a liquid.
  6. To study the effect of load on the depression of a suitably clamped meter scale loaded at (i) at its end (ii) in the middle.

Under the regular guidance and supervision of the Physics teacher, all students will be required to complete the aforementioned activities/projects. Students must write a technical report that includes an abstract, some theoretical discussion, experimental setup, observations with tables of data obtained, findings analysis and discussion, deductions, conclusion, and so on.


Practical File:


Students will be required to maintain a Physics practical file during the academic session. Teachers would be assessing these files and give marks accordingly. 


Overall, the redesigned Bihar Board Class 11 Physics Syllabus 2021-22 aims to improve conceptual clarity of the students and help them understand the interlinking of Physics and other subjects.


We hope that this article about Bihar Board Class 11 Physics Syllabus has been beneficial to students in planning their studies. Being well-versed with the syllabus will also assist them in making an effective study plan for the exam.



FAQs of BSEB Class 11 Physics


Q1. How should I prepare for the Bihar Board Class 11 Physics Exam?

Answer: Students must be familiar with the exam syllabus, question paper pattern, and they should focus on crucial areas (refer to important questions, sample papers to get an idea), and stick to a study schedule to prepare for the exam. They must also devote a significant amount of time to revising and practicing numerical problems.


Q2. Will the syllabus be reduced for the academic session 2021-22 as well?

Answer: Keeping in mind the Covid-19 restrictions, the Bihar Board had reduced the syllabus for all the subjects by 25% for the year 2020-21 for the convenience of students. However, no such announcement has been made for the academic session 2021-22. Students are advised to keep visiting the official website of the Bihar Board –  to stay updated.



Q3. Is Physics in Class 11 difficult?

A3. Yes, many students believe the Bihar Board Class 11 Physics Syllabus to be the most difficult subject. In comparison to the Class 10th Physics curriculum, it is comprehensive and demanding. However, regular studies will help students to prepare well for the exams.



Q4. Why is it critical to know the exam’s syllabus ahead of time?

Answer: Knowing the syllabus ahead of time allows students to have a better understanding of the topics, leading to confidence during the exam. It also helps students to improve their time management skills.



Q5. Can students from the Bihar Board clear the IIT-JEE or NEET exam?

Answer: Yes, many Bihar Board students have achieved good results in JEE/ NEET in the past. If you prepare well for your target examination, you too can clear these prestigious competitive exams with flying colors. All the Best!