Uttarakhand Board Class 11 Physics Syllabus
Uttarakhand Board Class 11 Physics Syllabus

Uttarakhand Board of School Education (UKBSE) has prescribed an updated syllabus which has undergone drastic changes keeping in mind the changing times. UKBSE has been proactive in structuring the syllabus of all the subjects of Class 11, given the significance of the same in a student’s academic career and to give them a better understanding of the subjects. 


Uttarakhand board’s major goal is to equip students with the necessary information and skills to compete in national competitive tests. The curriculum has been designed to give the students a deep knowledge of the concepts and topics. After Class 11, the next stage in higher secondary education is Class 12. Therefore, the syllabus has been designed to help students in further studies.


The textbooks published by the board are structured on the lines of the respective syllabus designed by the board. Also, these books have all the necessary chapters and topics with good explanations. Uttarakhand Board has come up with a comprehensive syllabus for Class 11 Physics as the subject finds various applications across various industry verticals and in daily life. The syllabus has been set by the experts under the guidelines of the board.


It has been ensured that the syllabus provides students with necessary skills to clear the board exam with flying colors and do well in their higher studies. Therefore, students are advised to study Physics syllabus in detail to build a strong foundation in the subject and prepare themselves for upcoming exams.

Uttarakhand Board Class 11 Physics syllabus has been designed really well. It will help students in planning their study time, break down the parts of the syllabus, and prepare well for the exams.


The total marks for the subject are 100, divided into two parts: theory paper and practical exam. The theory paper is of 70 marks and the practical exam carries the remaining 30 marks. To score well in the Uttarakhand Board Class 11 exam, a student should be well-aware of the syllabus and prepare the subject thoroughly. Below we are providing the detailed syllabus of the subject along with respective weightage of the chapters and units:


Theory Syllabus of UKBSE Class 11 Physics 

Unit I  Physical World and Measurement:

Chapter 1Physical World

This chapter contains mainly the scope of Physics as an academic discipline; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and society.

Chapter 2: Units and Measurements

Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures. Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.


Unit II  Kinematics:

Chapter 3: Motion in a Straight Line

Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion, uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs. Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment)

Chapter 4: Motion in a Plane

Scalar and vector quantities; Position and displacement vectors, general vectors and their notations; equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors, relative velocity, Unit vector.

Furthermore, this chapter also deals with resolution of a vector in a plane, rectangular components, Scalar and Vector product of vectors.
Motion in a plane, cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration-projectile motion, uniform circular motion.


Unit III  Laws of Motion:

Chapter 5: Laws of Motion

Intuitive concept of force, Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion (recapitulation only). Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.

Equilibrium of concurrent forces, Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication. Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on a level circular road, vehicle on a banked road).


Unit IV  Work, Energy and Power:

Chapter 6: Work, Energy and Power

In this chapter, students will get to know the details of the concept of Work. It is an important chapter to study. Work is done by constant and variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, and power.

The notion of potential energy, the potential energy of a spring, conservative forces: conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces: motion in a vertical circle; elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.


Unit V  The motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body:

Chapter 7: System of Particles and Rotational Motion

Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of a uniform rod. Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, law of conservation of angular momentum and its applications.

Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions.
Moment of inertia, the radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects (no derivation).



Unit VI  Gravitation:

Chapter 8: Gravitation

The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity (recapitulation only) and its variation with altitude and depth. Gravitational potential energy and gravitational potential, escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite, Geo-stationary satellites.



Unit VII  Properties of Bulk Matter:

Chapter 9: Mechanical Properties of Solids

Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus

Chapter 10: Mechanical Properties of Fluids

Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes), the effect of gravity on fluid pressure. Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.

Chapter 11: Thermal Properties of Matter

Heat, temperature,(recapitulation only) thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases, anomalous expansion of water; specific heat capacity; Cp, Cv – calorimetry; change of state – latent heat capacity.

Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation (recapitulation only), thermal conductivity, qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation, Wein’s displacement Law, Stefan’s law, Greenhouse effect.


Unit VIII  Thermodynamics:

Chapter 12: Thermodynamics

Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics), heat, work and internal energy. The first law of thermodynamics isothermal and adiabatic processes. The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes.


Unit IX  Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases:

Chapter 13: Kinetic Theory

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done in compressing a gas.
Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature; rms speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom; the law of equi-partition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; the concept of a mean free path, Avogadro’s number.


Unit X  Oscillations and Waves:

Chapter 14: Oscillations

Periodic motion – time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a loaded spring restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum derivation of expression for its time period. Free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance.

Chapter 15: Waves

Wave motion: Transverse and longitudinal waves, speed of the travelling wave, displacement relation for a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, Beats.

The marks allotted for the respective units are as follows:

Unit 1- Physical World and Measurement, Unit 2- Kinematics, and Unit 3- Laws of Motion have a total of 23 marks.

Unit 4- Work, Energy, and Power, Unit 5- Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body, and Unit 6- Gravitation have a total of 17 marks.

Unit 7- Properties of Bulk Matter, Unit 8- Thermodynamics, and Unit 9- Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases have a total of 20 marks.

Unit 10- Oscillations and Waves has been allotted 10 marks



Uttarakhand Board Class 11 Physics Practical Exam


                                              Practical List

Two experiments, one from each section

7+7 Marks

Practical record (experiment and activities)

5 Marks

One activity from any section

3 Marks

Investigatory Project

3 Marks

Viva on experiments, activities and project

5 Marks


30 Marks



UKBSE Class 11 Physics Syllabus Experiments


Sl. No   






To measure the diameter of a small spherical/cylindrical body and to measure the internal diameter and depth of a given beaker/calorimeter using Vernier Callipers and hence find its volume.






To measure the diameter of a given wire and thickness of a given sheet using a screw gauge.







To determine the volume of an irregular lamina using a screw gauge.








To determine the radius of curvature of a given spherical surface by a spherometer.







To determine the mass of two different objects using a beam balance.





To find the weight of a given body using the parallelogram law of vectors.





Using a simple pendulum, plot its L-T2 graph and use it to find the effective length of the second’s pendulum.





To study the variation of the time period of a simple pendulum of a given length by taking bobs of the same size but different masses and interpret the result.






To study the relationship between the force of limiting friction and normal reaction and to find the coefficient of friction between a block and a horizontal surface. 




To find the downward force along an inclined plane, acting on a roller due to the gravitational pull of the earth and study its relationship with the angle of inclination θ by plotting a graph between force and sinθ.





To determine Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a given wire.

Determine the surface tension of water by capillary rise method

To determine the coefficient of viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring the terminal velocity of a given spherical body

Determine specific heat capacity of a given solid by the method of mixtures

Study the relation between frequency and length of a given wire under constant tension using sonometer

Study the relation between the length of a given wire and tension for constant frequency using sonometer.

Find the speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube by two resonance positions.

Find the value of v for different values of u in case of a concave mirror and to find the focal length.

To find the focal length of a convex lens by plotting graphs between u and v or between 1/u and 1/v.

Determine the angle of minimum deviation for a given prism by plotting a graph between an angle of incidence and angle of deviation.

To determine the refractive index of a glass slab using a traveling microscope.


Frequently Asked Questions for UKBSE Class 11 Physics: 


Q1. How are the marks for the UKBSE Class 11 Physics divided? 

Ans: The total marks allotted for the UKBSE class 11 Physics are 100 marks. These marks are divided between theory paper (70 marks) and practical exam (30 marks).



Q2. Which unit has the highest weightage for the class 11 Physics syllabus?

Ans: For the class 11 physics syllabus, the units with the highest weightage are Physical World and Measurement, Kinematics, and Laws of Motion.  


Q3. When will the practical exams be held?

 Ans: The dates for practical exams will be declared by your school authorities. Students are advised to contact their school exam department for further information.  


Q4. Will the syllabus be reduced for the academic session 2021-22 as well?

Ans:  Keeping in mind the Covid-19 restrictions, the UKBSE had reduced the syllabus for all the subjects by 25% for the year 2020-21 for the convenience of students. However, no such announcement has been made for the academic session 2021-22. Students are advised to keep visiting the official website of the UKBSE – https://ubse.uk.gov.in/ to stay updated.


Q5. Is UKBSE Board Class 11 Physics a difficult subject to study?

Ans: The difficulty of a chapter in Physics depends on a student’s hold on basic concepts and practice. Some may find it easy, while others may be struggling to understand the same topic. However, a student can improve with diligent study.