Answer the following questions:
Answer the following questions:

(a) What is an indicator? Name three common indicators.

(b) Name the acid-base indicator extracted from lichen.

(c) What color does the turmeric paper turn when put in an alkaline solution?


(a) When a dye is placed in acid or base, or when the ion concentration varies, it changes color dramatically. Indicators such as litmus, methyl orange, and phenolphthalein are examples.

(b) The acid-base indicator litmus is derived from lichen. While in acid, it will turn blue to red, and when in base, it will turn red to blue.

(c) When you dip turmeric paper in an alkaline solution, it turns red.