ICSE stands for Indian Certificate of Secondary Education and is an autonomous educational board in India. ICSE Board is known for its quality education and is considered one of the most arduous education boards in the country. All the students are encouraged and advised to have detailed knowledge regarding the ICSE Class 10 Biology syllabus to have a clear and concise idea about the exam pattern, upcoming exams, and marking scheme. In this article, students will know about the ICSE Class 10 Biology question paper for the academic year 2021-22, including the names of the units, main topics, marking scheme, and practical examples. It further includes the evaluation scheme.
Biology is one of the essential areas of study, which includes the study of living organisms and life. The chapters of Class 10 Biology include plant physiology, human anatomy, and the cell cycle that lays a strong foundation for higher education. All the chapters are further incorporated in the secondary studies and higher classes.
ICSE Class 10 Biology Syllabus
The syllabus of ICSE Class 10 Biology contains the units and essential topics of the chapters. This will help students build a strong understanding for their academic year 2021-22. Practical-based learning and theory-based learning are both crucial for the students. The updated syllabus for Class 10 Biology is as follows:
|Basic Biology||Cell cycle and division Structure of chromosome Genetics: Mendel’s laws of inheritance and sex-linked inheritance of diseases|
|Plant Physiology||Concept of plant roots Study of xylem Photosynthesis process|
|Human Anatomy and Physiology||Circulatory system Excretory system Nervous system Endocrine system The reproductive system Population|
|Physical Health and Hygiene||Aids to health Health organizations|
|Pollution||Types of pollution Sources of pollution and major pollutant Effects of pollution on climate, environment, human health, and other organisms|
The above shows the units and chapters of Class 10 Biology, ICSE Board. There are a total of five units in biology, and each unit consists of various topics. The first unit “Basic Biology” explains the overview of biology, cell cycle and division, chromosome structures, and genetics – Mendel’s law of inheritance and sex-linked inheritance of diseases. Unit II includes the details of plant physiology. It explains the root concept, absorption by roots, imbibition, diffusion and osmosis process, etc. It also includes characteristics of roots, xylem concept, transpiration process, its significance, mechanism of stomatal transpiration, photosynthesis process, and structure of chloroplast.
The unit “Human Anatomy and Physiology” includes the topics like the circulatory system, its features, structure, working, the composition of blood, excretory system, external and internal structure of the kidney, fertilization, implantation, nervous system, the structure of a neuron, sense organs, endocrine system, reproductive system, organs, population, its effect, and causes. The next unit contains details like aids to health and health organizations. It includes topics such as vaccination, immunization, penicillin, antitoxin, organizations like Red Cross, WHO, and common health problems in India. The last unit “Pollution” explains the different types of pollution like air, water, soil, radiation, and noise pollution. It also includes the effects of pollution on climate, environment, human health, and other organisms.
Some of the important topics of Biology Class 10 include the reproductive system, pollution, chemical coordination in plants, nervous systems, photosynthesis, endocrine glands, and genetics. These topics are said to hold a significant weightage out of other topics.
ICSE Class 10 Biology Mark-Distribution Scheme:
The ICSE Class 10 Biology previous year question paper 2021 is for two hours. It consists of theory and practical-based questions. The theory part consists of 80 marks, and the internal assessment consists of 20 marks. The internal assessment is further divided into sections.
- Subject Teacher (Internal Examiner) – 10 marks
- External Examiner – 10 marks
|Theory-Based Question Paper||80|
|Internal Assessment (Practical Work)||20|
ICSE Class 10 Biology Exam Pattern
The exam pattern helps students to understand and prepare the type of questions that they can expect in the exam from each chapter. It helps students to focus on the chapter that holds a high weightage. The question paper of Class 10 Biology is segregated into two parts with an equal weightage of 40 marks each. The first section of the question paper consists of short answer-type questions. These questions are selected from the entire syllabus. So, students are required to prepare short answer-type questions from each chapter. The second section of the question paper consists of six questions, and students are required to attempt four questions out of the six questions. These four questions are of 10 marks each, making a total of 40 marks.
|S. No.||Type of Questions||Marks|
|Compulsory Short Type Questions||40|
|Long Answer Type Questions (Attempt only 4 out of 6)||40|
ICSE Class 10 Biology question paper helps students to prepare the most significant topics for the next academic year. It allows students to focus on the topics and concepts that are most probable to come in exams.
FAQs of Class X ICSE Board Biology
- Where does a doctor press on the patient’s wrist while recording the patient’s pulse rate?
Ans: (a) Artery
- Which of the following does not have a muscular wall?
Ans: (c) Capillary
- Write down the exact location of the following components:
- Corpus callosum
- Amniotic fluid
Ans: The location of the above-mentioned elements is listed below:
- Incus – Between stapes and malleus
- Testis – inside scrotum
- Thylakoids – in the matrix (stroma) of chloroplast
- Corpus callosum – between the two cerebral hemispheres
- Amniotic fluid – a cavity in between embryo and amnion
- Briefly explain the placement of cytons and axons inside the brain and spinal cord.
Ans: In the brain, the axon is inside the brain, while cyton is present in the outer portion. Cyton gives a grey-ish color, also known as grey matter. In the spinal cord, the axon is present outside while the cyton is present in the inner portion. Cyton forms the grey matter inside the spinal cord.
- Write any two surgical methods of contraception in the following:
- Human males
- Human females
Ans: The surgical methods of contraception in human males and females are as follows:
- Human males – Vasectomy
- Human females – Tubectomy